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发布于:2018-3-9 05:52:35  访问:5 次 回复:0 篇
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Vention that included physical activity or exercise at home or in
Vention that included physical activity or exercise at home or in the community. Physical activity and exercise were defined as being general or structured movement of the body that would increase energy expenditure. To allow a more detailed examination of effectiveness of specific types of exercise or physical activity, interventions were grouped according into activity mode (table 1). Interventions aiming to improve specific disabilities or impairments with targeted programmes (such as physiotherapy or occupational therapy) were excluded. Types of outcome Gnificantly contribute to leukemia maintenance in other molecular subtypes of measures Any evidence related to the effectiveness or costeffectiveness of an intervention was considered. To evaluate an intervention‘s potential to improve specific components of health, fitness and well-being, quantitative data were categorised according to the outcome type. All outcome measures reported in the included studies could be defined as being in one of the following categories. These categories align with those described for assessment in our main project study protocol,20 and were used to organise the data only and not as inclusion criteria. 1. Exercise capacity/fitness 2. Metabolism 3. Body composition/weight 4. Quality of life 5. Respiratory function 6. Physical function A. Gross motor function B. Mobility C. Strength 7. Physical activity levels, including self-reported, and attitudes to physical activity Several of the included studies evaluated walking Stitutes of Wellness). The Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at capacity in tests ranging from 6 to 10 min. These studies were inconsistent in their classification of this outcome as either exercise capacity (outcome type 1) or tests of ambulation and mobility (outcome type 6b). For clarity and consistency in the present systematic review, we classified these to be exercise capacity. Walking tests of <1 min or over short distances were classified as mobility. In most cases, a single study provided data of several outcome types. Types of studies Preliminary pilot searches of existing literature, found few randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise or physical activity interventions for children and young people who use wheelchairs. Therefore, we decided to include all relevant study designs (eg, RCT, non-RCT, controlled before fter, survey, qualitative) to draw from as wide an evidence base as appropriate. Consequently, in some studies, there was no comparison or control group included, and in others the control group consisted of usual care. In cases where the comparison was between two different targeted interventions, these were treated as separate treatments in the same study. Only publications in English, Welsh or German language were included, reflecting translation capacity within the study team. Grey literature, including contemporary local government/agency, charity reports and intervention programme evaluations which have not been subject to peer review, were also included to limit publication bias and ensure that all relevant literature may be located. Grey literature was screened against criteria of Completeness, Accuracy, Relevance and Timeliness (CART) to determine inclusion or exclusion.Table 1 Physical activity modes and definitions used for grouping and analysis in this review Exercise mode Walking Cycling Progressive resistance training (PRT) Functional/closed kinetic chain exercises PRT using functional/closed kinetic chain exercises Sport/games-based Spirometry exercise Nintendo Wii Motivation Education Complex programme Further definition for this review.Vention that included physical activity or exercise at home or in the community. Physical activity and exercise were defined as being general or structured movement of the body that would increase energy expenditure.
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